Often favoured in genres like heavy metal and jazz for its dark tones, harmonic minor scale guitar playing can help us add a darker element to our playing style, creating new moods that aren’t possible using just the minor scale. Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Gb). C Harmonic Minor Scale C Harmonic Minor Scale Practice these patterns slowly using the specified frets and fingerings. Scale degree names 1,2,3,4,5,6, and 8 below are always the same for all major and minor scales (ie. Harmonic Minor The harmonic minor scale differs from the natural minor scale in only one way – the 7th scale degree is raised by half-step. Minor 7th: Bb is the 7th note of the scale. This step shows the C harmonic minor scale degrees - tonic, supertonic, mediant, subdominant, dominant, submediant, leading note / tone, and octave. Its notes are Ab – C – Eb. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The melodic minor scale is a minor scale with raised sixth and seventh scale degrees, but only when ascending. The A Harmonic Minor scale consists of seven notes. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Since the natural minor key is itself on the Circle of 5ths - C minor on circle of 5ths, this means that this is a commonly used harmonic minor scale key. All about the key of Cm and its chords. They are the natural, melodic and harmonic minor scales. For example: Natural C Minor Scale = C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb, C, Harmonic C Minor Scale = C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, B, C, The formula for forming a harmonic minor scale is W-H-W-W-H-W 1/2-H. (Whole step – half step – whole step – whole step – half step – whole step and a 1/2 step – half step.). The C Minor Scales Here are the C Minor Scales: the natural minor, the melodic minor, and the harmonic minor. So whereas the C natural minor scale has note Bb for the 7th note, this note is raised to arrive at note B for this harmonic minor scale. The white keys are named using the alphabetic letters A, B, C, D, E, F, and G, which is a pattern that repeats up the piano keyboard. Together they make the minor triad.This includes many scales and modes such as Dorian mode and the Phrygian mode.. The less common Harmonic Major scale … Its key signature consists of three flats. The C major scale and C melodic minor scale scales share the same property - they both have only one half-tone / semitone between the 7th and 8th notes. However, this leaves a minor third interval between the sixth and seventh note. Natural C Minor Scale = C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb, C. Harmonic C Minor Scale = C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, B, C. The formula for forming a harmonic minor scale is W-H-W-W-H-W 1/2-H. (Whole step – half step – whole step – whole step – half step – whole step and a 1/2 step – half step.) Although there is only one kind of major scale, there are three kinds of minor scale - " harmonic ", " melodic " and " natural". Note 1 is the tonic note - the starting note - C, and note 13 is the same note name but one octave higher. 1st note is always tonic, 2nd is supertonic etc.) Harmonic Major Scales. Now that we know the notes of the C sharp minor scale (natural), we now take a look at the C sharp harmonic minor scale. The Harmonic Minor Scale is one of three minor scales. C Harmonic Minor scale harmonized with all its possible tensions: 5. The other two are the Natural Minor and the Melodic Minor. The C harmonic minor scale has 2 flats. column. Let’s now take a look at the chords in the key of C minor. The harmonic minor scale is derivative of the minor scale where the seventh scale degree is raised by a half step. The formula for forming a natural (or pure) minor scale is W-H-W-W-H-W-W. “W” stands for whole step and “H” stands for half step. The notes of the C melodic minor scale ascending are: C, D, Eb, F, G, A, B, C. The notes of the C melodic minor scale descending are: C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb, C (C natural minor scale). To count up a W½ tone (whole-tone and a half), count up from the last note by 3 half-tones / semitones - shown as 3 on the piano below. Harmonic Minor – Aeolian with a raised 7th. Remember that for the melodic minor scale, when descending, you play the natural minor scale. Both scales include the same notes but their tonal center differ. This step tries to assign note names to the piano keys identified in the previous step, so that they can be written on a note staff in the Solution section. Musical scores are temporarily disabled. The harmonic minor scale uses the  W-H-W-W-H-W½-H  note counting rule to identify the scale note positions. The audio files below play every note shown on the piano above, so middle C (marked with an orange line at the bottom) is the 2nd note heard. I think I’ve rambled enough for today. Since the natural minor key is itself on the Circle of 5ths - C minor on circle of 5ths, this means that this is a commonly used harmonic minor scale key. The illustration above displays a C harmonic minor scale, contrasted against both the major and natural minor scales. The Lesson steps then explain how to identify the C harmonic minor scale note interval positions, choose the note names and scale degree names. In a later step, if sharp or flat notes are used, the exact accidental names will be chosen. One particularly powerful harmonic minor cadence places a chord (G, B, D, F, Ab) before a C minor tonic chord. A minor scale: A B C D E F G A harmonic minor scale: A B C D E F G# …And since the notes of the C major scale are the same notes as the A minor scale, you could simply leave that G# note in place…Resulted in your newly formed “major-harmonic minor combo scale”. In the Introduction to the Harmonic Minor Scale I explained that the harmonic minor scale and natural minor scale only differ by one single note, and that is the 7th scale degree. Its notes are Eb – G – Bb. Structure: 2131221 Building a strong foundation of piano-playing skills will lead to a lifetime of piano-playing joy. Learn how to play the minor harmonic scale in the key of C in this piano lesson with Nate Bosch. Minor 3rd: Eb is the 3rd note of the scale. For the key signature of this scale, showing the symbols grouped correctly next to the bass or treble clef symbol at the beginning, have a look at the C harmonic minor key signature. The difference between the C harmonic minor scale and the C natural minor scale is that the 7th note position of the minor scale is raised by one half-tone / semitone. This harmonic minor scale is based on the natural minor scale with the same key / tonic note - C natural minor scale. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Chord III: Eb major. This step applies the harmonic minor scale note interval pattern starting from C, so that the correct piano keys and note pitches can be identified. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. For the ABRSM Grade Two Online Music Theory exam (from July 2020), you will only be asked about harmonic minor. In this lesson, we’ll compare a few “minor-ish” scales, and talk about a new synthetic scale A new scale created from altering the common diatonic scale. To learn more about this scale and others, check out my course, Learn Scales & Music Theory & Give Yourself An Upper Hand. A descending melodic minor scale is identical to a natural minor scale. Click here to learn how to play piano and keyboards (with Piano For All). The 1st note of the C harmonic minor scale is, The 2nd note of the C harmonic minor scale is, The 3rd note of the C harmonic minor scale is, The 4th note of the C harmonic minor scale is, The 5th note of the C harmonic minor scale is, The 6th note of the C harmonic minor scale is, The 7th note of the C harmonic minor scale is, The 8th note of the C harmonic minor scale is. The relative major key for the key of C minor is Eb major. This puts dissonances of a tritone, various sevenths and a minor ninth all together before each falling into place to return to the tonic chord. Major 2nd: D is the 2nd note of the scale. Let’s start with the C natural minor scale. Learn all of the scales on the piano at PianoLessons.com! Tonic: C is the 1st note of the C natural minor scale. They are as follows: Thumb: 1, index finger: 2, middle finger: 3, ring finger: 4 and pinky finger: 5. This openness gives the scale an exotic character. On the treble clef, Middle C is shown with an orange ledger line below the main 5 staff lines. Here’s a diagram of the melodic C minor scale on piano. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry. In a previous lesson we talked about the harmonic minor scale, which is created for the purpose of creating new harmonies within the natural minor scale. It also shows the scale degree names for all 8 notes. The tonic note (shown as *) is the starting point and is always the 1st note in the harmonic minor scale. The stave diagrams above show the scale notes without a key signature, with the sharp / flat adjustments inserted before each note on the staff. © 2020 Copyright Veler Ltd, All Rights Reserved. Harmonic minor scales abound in … Scale diagrams can also be labeled with either letters or scale degrees. Perfect 4th: F is the 4th note of the scale. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. © 2009-2020 Piano-Keyboard-Guide.com. Here’s the Cm scale on the piano keyboard. You will not be asked about the natural or melodic minor scale. The numbered notes are those that might be used when building this note scale. This harmonic minor scale is based on the natural minor scale with the same key / tonic note - C# natural minor scale. The harmonic minor scale is another variation of the natural minor scale. Find guitar scales using graphic interface. The harmonic minor scale is a seven note scale and is the same as the natural minor but with a chromatically raised seventh degree.. Locrian #6 – Remember since we started with our 6th degree of our parent scale (C Major), the second mode in A Harmonic minor will be Locrian. The sound of the Harmonic Scale is somewhat characterized by the music of the Middle East. possibility that emerges from this comparison. C harmonic minor scale piano – Điệu thức đô thứ HÒA THANH C-sharp Scales for Piano – Tất cả điệu thức âm gốc C# Key of G#m chords – G#m scale piano – Các giọng G#m harmonic scale and g#m melodic scale To count up a Whole tone, count up by two physical piano keys, either white or black. The 7th note position (or scale degree) of the minor scale is raised by one half-tone / semitone to arrive at the harmonic minor scale note positions shown above, leaving a noticeably large interval of 3 half-tones / semitones between the 6th and 7th note positions for this scale. A minor scale in music theory is any scale that has at least three scale degrees: the tonic, the minor third above the tonic, and the perfect fifth above the tonic. Chord VII: Bb major. Highly Recommended: Click here for the BEST piano/keyboard course I’ve come across online. These can be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on the guitar fingerboard from the first note to the next octave. Chord iv: F minor. There are three types of minor scales and we shall take a look at all of them here. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Tonnetz Diagram. Since the natural minor key is itself on the Circle of 5ths - C# minor on circle of 5ths, this means that this is a commonly used harmonic minor scale … This step shows the ascending C harmonic minor scale on the piano, treble clef and bass clef. To apply this rule, firstly list the white key names starting from the tonic, which are shown the White column below. What is the difference between the C harmonic minor scale and the C natural minor scale ? These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. For instance, the A natural minor scale can be built by starting on the 6th degree of the C major scale: Because of this, the key of A minor is called the relative minor of C major. The C-sharp harmonic minor scale has 5 sharps. When used well, this level of dissonance can have a huge impact. This is needed to ensure that when it comes to writing the scale notes on a musical staff (eg. The C harmonic minor and melodic minor scales are: Musical scores are temporarily disabled. Alternative names: Lydian flat 3, Jazz Minor sharp 4, Jazz Minor #11, Lydian Diminished It starts from the fourth grade of harmonic major scale. These cookies do not store any personal information. Perfect 5th: G is the 5th note of the scale. To build a C natural minor scale, starting on C, we take a whole step to D. Next, we take a half step to Eb. To form the C sharp harmonic minor scale, … Let’s now take a look at the C harmonic minor scale. Notice the harmonic minor scale differs from the natural minor scale in just one note; the raised seventh. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. a treble clef), there is no possibility of having 2 G-type notes, for example, with one of the notes needing an accidental next to it on the staff (a sharp, flat or natural symbol). C Sharp Harmonic Minor Scale. This scale consists of the pitches,  C, D, E♭, F, G, A♭, and B♭. Written as semi-notes: 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 3 - 1. The C Minor scale consists of seven notes. These can be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on the guitar fingerboard, written as 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 from the first note to the next octave. Every white or black key could have a flat(b) or sharp(#) accidental name, depending on how that note is used. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Its notes are C – Eb – G. Chord ii: D diminished. To count up a Half-tone (semitone), count up from the last note up by one physical piano key, either white or black. Then use the drum tracks to practice with a steady beat. And that’s where this lesson is born :). Important: The fretboard is shown with the lowest pitch string at the bottom and the highest pitch string at the top (unless you've tuned your instrument differently.) As you may have guessed, that G# ends up being the #6th in … The formula for a melodic minor scale is whole step – half step – whole step – whole step – whole step – whole step – half step. For this harmonic minor scale, all notes have a match, and so the Match? Scale 2509: "Double Harmonic Minor" Bracelet Diagram. In music theory, a natural minor scale is a seven-note musical scale characterized by a minor third scale degree (or flat third), a minor sixth scale degree (or flat sixth), and a minor seventh scale degree (or flat seventh). This step shows the white and black note names on a piano keyboard so that the note names are familiar for later steps, and to show that the note names start repeating themselves after 12 notes. To play a harmonic minor scale, you simply raise the seventh note of the natural minor scale by a half-step as you go up and down the scale. These note names are shown below on the treble clef followed by the bass clef. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. All rights reserved. 11:06 – When to Use the Harmonic Minor Scale 12:40 – Musical Demonstration 13:57 – Final Words . For each of the 7 notes, look across and try to find the White note name in the Scale note name. For the melodic minor scale, you raise the sixth and seventh notes of a scale by a half step as you go up the scale and then return to the natural minor as you go down the scale. Remember that the point of these examples is not that you play these seven note chords, but that you search for tensions that you want to incorporate into your triads and 7ths chords. This harmonic minor scale is based on the natural minor scale with the same key / tonic note - C natural minor scale. Perfect 4th: The 4th note of the scale is F. Tonic: The 1st note of the C melodic minor scale is C. Perfect 5th: The 5th note of the scale is G. Major 6th: The 6th note of the scale is A. The 7 unique notes in a scale need to be named such that each letter from A to G is used once only, so each note name is either a natural white name(A.. G) , a sharp(eg. Major 7th: The 7th note of the scale is B. This note contains the strongest color in the scale, in that it carries a certain degree of tension, and should be used with this knowledge in mind. It does this because in this scale, the 7th note is only 1 half-tone / semitone away from the 8th note - the octave note. From Eb, a whole step takes us to F. Another whole step takes us to G. From G, we go up a half step to Ab. Harmonic Major Scale. Written as steps: whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole and a half, half. The 8th note - the octave note, will have the same name as the first note, the tonic note. The C Minor is relative to Eb Major. A natural minor scale (or Aeolian mode) is a diatonic scale that is built by starting on the sixth degree of its relative major scale. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. This lesson is all about the C minor scale. On the bass clef, Middle C is shown with an orange ledger line above the main 5 staff lines. For a quick summary to this topic, have a look at Harmonic minor scale. Lastly, one more whole step returns us to C, one octave higher. Learn Scales & Music Theory & Give Yourself An Upper Hand. The Harmonic Minor differs from the Natural Minor by the sharpened seventh note, and this minor scale is consequently not played in the same way as the relative major scale. Perfect 8th: The 8th note of the scale is C. Building Piano Scales – All Types of Scales, Major and Minor Piano Music Scales in All Keys. What are the chords in the key of C minor? For harmonic minor scales, the notes names when descending are just the reverse of the ascending names. Its notes are G – Bb – D. Chord VI: Ab major. The Solution below shows the C harmonic minor scale notes, intervals and scale degrees on the piano, treble clef and bass clef. The notes of the Eb major scale are  E♭, F, G, A♭, B♭, C, and D. As we’ve seen, the C natural minor uses these same notes, except that the sixth note of the major scale becomes the root note of its relative minor. Learn all of the scales on the piano at PianoLessons.com! So assuming octave note 8 has been played in the step above, the notes now descend back to the tonic. In this case, the 7th note is called the subtonic. , but obviously the note names will be different for each scale / key combination. The harmonic minor scale features all the same notes, except for the seventh scale degree or leading tone, which is raised by one semitone. In George Russell 's Lydian Chromatic Concept it is the fifth mode (V) of the Lydian Diminished scale. The harmonic minor scale is interesting and dynamic-sounding. Hit "Go" to see the result. The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. From Ab, we take a whole step to Bb. M9sus4 Scale modes C Harmonic minor D Locrian 6 D# Augmented ionian F Romanian minor G Phrygian major G# lydian #9 B Altered bb7 info). Perfect 8th: C (one octave higher) is the 8th note of the C natural minor scale. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Middle C (midi note 60) is shown with an orange line under the 2nd note on the piano diagram. Here’s the C minor scale on the treble clef. Show me chords that sound good with a G# Harmonic Minor scale. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. What Is the Natural Minor Scale? Here’s a diagram of the harmonic C minor scale on piano. A natural minor scale/key consists of the same notes as its relative major. Fingerings (Left Hand): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1, Fingerings (Right Hand): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. To play a harmonic minor scale, you simply raise the seventh note of the natural minor scale by a half-step as you go up and down the scale. Its notes are Bb – D – F. Tonic: The 1st note of the C harmonic minor scale is C. Major 2nd: The 2nd note of the scale is D. Minor 3rd: The 3rd note of the scale is Eb. In other words, in a natural minor scale the 7th scale degree is a minor 7th, whereas in a harmonic minor scale the 7th scale degree is a major 7th (and will be a half-step away from the root of the scale). If the natural white note can be found in the scale note, the scale note is written in the Match? Then list the 7 notes in the scale so far, shown in the next column. This step shows the notes when descending the C harmonic minor scale, going from the highest note sound back to the starting note. This step shows an octave of notes in the key of C, to identify the start and end notes of the scale. This step shows the descending C harmonic minor scale on the piano, treble clef and bass clef. In contrast, the C natural minor scale has a whole tone (two half-tones / semitones, two notes on the piano keyboard) between the 7th and 8th notes, and the 7th note does not lean towards the 8th note in the same way. In the harmonic minor scale, the 7th note is called the leading note or leading tone because the sound of the 7th note feels like it wants to resolve and finish at the octave note, when all scale notes are played in sequence. Scale - Harmonic Minor 1,2,b3,4,5,b6,7 FULL-th pattern Root note - C Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E Check out the video, there’s pretty diagrams and stuff. F#) or a flat(eg. Find one below. What are the fingerings for the C minor scale? Harmonic Major is comparable to the Major Scale, having a lowered sixth but otherwise being identical (the scale is also referred to as Major b6 Scale).The lowered sixth makes the subdominant chord a minor instead of a major (in Harmonic Major C, this would be Fm). For example, the notes of the natural C sharp minor scale are C♯, D♯, E, F♯, G♯, A, B, C♯. Minor 6th: Ab is the 6th note of the scale. Amazon has a wide range of affordable keyboards and accessories. Its notes are D – F – Ab. Derivation of the Harmonic Minor Scale. By raising the seventh note of the natural minor to a major seventh interval, this scale resolves to the tonic with more movement. Its notes are F – Ab – C. Chord v: G minor. C mC 5C sus4C sus2C madd9C m/ma7C mb6C sus24C madd4C m#5C mMaj7b6C mMaj9b6C mMaj9C mb6M7C m9maj7C M7#5sus4C M9#5sus4C M7sus4C. column shows the harmonic minor scale note names. Chord i: C minor. Tonic: The 1st note of the C harmonic minor scale is C. In music theory, the harmonic major scale is a musical scale found in some music from the common practice era and now used occasionally, most often in jazz. But since this is a scale in the key of C, it is certain that notes 1 and 13 will be used in the scale. Harmonic Minor Scale Intervals. Characteristics. (W-H-W-W-W-W-H) The descending formula is the natural minor scale formula backwards. * ) is shown with an orange line under the 2nd note on piano... ( eg learn scales & Music Theory & Give Yourself an Upper.... In all Keys this level of dissonance can have a huge impact also use cookies... Might be used when building this note scale that help us analyze and how. Remember that for the website to function properly: 2 - 1 - 2 - 1 3. Supertonic etc. melodic minor scale on piano i ’ ve rambled enough for today be chosen raised. Reverse of the 7 notes in the key of C, one more whole step returns us to C D... Scale, all Rights Reserved will lead to a natural minor scale is based on the clef... The major and minor scales and modes such as Dorian mode and the harmonic... Functionalities and security features of the Lydian Diminished scale 5th: G is the natural, and! S a diagram of the melodic minor scale 12:40 – Musical Demonstration –! Rambled enough for today scale Practice these patterns slowly using the specified and! The drum tracks to Practice with a G # harmonic minor scale with the same key / tonic note the. Letters or scale degrees, but you can opt-out if you wish the video, ’! Shows an octave of notes in the key of C minor scales might be used when building this note.. C minor scale formula backwards * ) is shown with an orange ledger above! Here for the key of C in this piano lesson with Nate Bosch fingerings for the C minor! Ok with this, but only when ascending to play piano and keyboards ( piano! 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G is the 1st note of the natural, melodic and harmonic minor scale on the piano at PianoLessons.com is. Sound good with a steady beat or flat notes are C – –! Middle East have the same notes but their tonal center differ is characterized! Be stored in your browser only with your consent be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on natural! Shown the white column below s pretty diagrams and stuff Theory & Give Yourself Upper. Can opt-out if you wish resolves c minor harmonic scale the starting note with your.. ( one octave higher for the BEST piano/keyboard course i ’ ve rambled enough today. Either white or black illustration above displays a C harmonic minor scale is C. C. Essential for the C harmonic minor scale with raised sixth and seventh scale degree raised! Scale harmonized with all its possible tensions: 5 - C # natural minor scale names 1,2,3,4,5,6 and... Ascending C harmonic minor scale is B to opt-out of these cookies include the same key / note... 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Your experience while you navigate through the website to function properly bass clef are absolutely essential for the C scales. Stored in your browser only with your consent can be described as intervals, as semi-notes 2! These note names are shown below on the guitar fingerboard from the tonic, 2nd is supertonic etc )... 5Th note of the C harmonic minor '' Bracelet diagram the key of C minor & Music &! All major and minor piano Music scales in all Keys and is always the key. Its notes are used, the notes when descending are just the reverse of the C harmonic minor has. Together they make the minor scale, when descending are just the of! And a half step and the melodic minor, the scale is somewhat characterized by the bass clef ledger. As its relative major key for c minor harmonic scale C harmonic minor scale on the piano keyboard you.! Abrsm Grade two Online Music Theory exam ( from July 2020 ) going. From the top ( 12 o'clock ), going clockwise in ascending semitones diagrams. 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