Other special districts include Groundwater Conservation Districts (regulatory agencies), river authorities, water supply districts (for irrigation or municipal supply), public hospitals, road districts and community colleges. [citation needed], Texas does not have townships; areas within a county are either incorporated or unincorporated. Box 12428 Austin Texas 78711 (512) 463-2000 Plural executive definition is - a group of officers or major officials (as a board of directors) or a committee that functions in making current decisions or in giving routine orders usually the responsibility of an individual executive officer or official. The Executive Department of the State shall consist of a Governor, who shall be the Chief Executive Officer of the State, a Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Comptroller of Public Accounts, Commissioner of the General Land Office, and Attorney General. Article 4 of the Texas Constitution describes the executive department (branch) of Texas. The Texas plural executive consists: The Governor, Greg Abbott is the current Texas Governor. The 1850 amendment established a "plural executive" whereby the governor must share power with other popularly elected executives, in this case the lieutenant governor, state treasurer, comptroller, general land commissioner, and attorney general (designated an executive officer in 1869 and 1876). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Texas Senate can remove nominees from office. [3] Most state agencies are headquartered in Austin. (True/False) Texas has a plural executive made up of multiple popularly elected offices. United States Congressional Delegations from Texas, National Register of Historic Places Sites, Lieutenant Governor & President of the Senate, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Government_of_Texas&oldid=995568379, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 19:31. The executive branch also includes several boards and commissions that are constituted through a mixture of elections and gubernatorial appointments confirmed by the Senate. Such sessions are known as called or special sessions and are reserved for legislation that the Governor deems critically important in the conduct of state affairs. Create a standalone learning module, lesson, assignment, assessment or activity, Submit OER from the web for review by our librarians, Please log in to save materials. Members of the plural executive are elected by the people of Texas; this means members are accountable not to the governor but to voters. [3] The Governor appoints the directors of a handful of state agencies, and the Governor exercises direct authority over these offices. Executive offices. Texas Executive and Bureaucracy. Texas Government 2.0, The Executive Department and the Office of the Governor of Texas, The Plural Executive | OER Commons. In popular lore and belief the lieutenant governor, who heads the Senate and appoints its committees, has more power than the governor. Texas has a total of 254 counties, by far the largest number of counties of any state. In other words, there is no single government official in Texas that is solely responsible for the Texas Executive Branch. This protects the executive from abusing power. Main Menu; ... -plural executive is an artifact of the 1876 constitution ... branch and is also officially president of the senate Duties-The lieutenant governor’s primary powers lie in the office… The executive branch consists of the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Comptroller of Public Accounts, Land Commissioner, Attorney General, Agriculture Commissioner, the three-member Texas Railroad Commission, the State Board of Education, and the Secretary of State.Texas has a plural executive branch system which limits the power of the Governor. Describe the offices that constitute the plural executive in Texas. OFFICERS CONSTITUTING EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. The plural executive protects against abuses of power by elected officials. However, a candidate's party affiliation is usually known or can be discerned with minimal effort (as the candidate most likely has supported other candidates on partisan tickets). Texas utilizes a “plural executive” which means the powers of the Governor are limited and distributed amongst other government officials. The capitol is also notable for purposely being built seven feet taller than the U.S. national capitol. The other elected officials are not required to answer to the executive. Its session laws are published in the official General and Special Laws;[6] most, but not all, of these statutes are codified in the Revised Civil Statutes, Penal Code, and Code of Criminal Procedure (sometimes referred to as the Texas Statutes). Which of the following statements about the plural executive are accurate? In other words, there is not one government official in Texas that is solely responsible for the Texas Executive Branch. Comments (0) Add to wishlist Delete from wishlist. Each county is run by a five-member Commissioners' Court consisting of four commissioners elected from single-member districts (called commissioner precincts) and a county judge elected at-large. Unlike other states, Texas does not allow for consolidated city-county governments. The current commissioners are Republican Wayne Christian (chair), Christi Craddick (R), and Ryan Sitton(R). The State Capitol resembles the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C., but is faced in Texas pink granite and is topped by a statue of the "Goddess of Liberty" holding aloft a five-point Texas star. He was first elected to the office on November 4, 2014, and sworn into office on January 7, 2015. The current officeholder is Sid Miller (R). However, counties can collect a small portion of property tax and spend it to provide residents with needed services or to employ the power of eminent domain. Adult Education Open Community of Resources, Pathways Project | OER Language Teaching Repository @ Boise State, Gubernatorial Elections and Qualifications. List the members of the Texas Plural Executive? Unincorporated areas are not part of a city; in these areas the county has authority for law enforcement and road maintenance. With one exception, members of the plural executive are independently elected. The governor of each state heads the executive branch and, depending on the individual jurisdiction, may have considerable control over government budgeting, the power of appointment of many officials, and a considerable role in legislation. Texas’ Executive Branch operates as a plural executive, meaning numerous elected officials, not just the Texas Governor, run the Texas Bureaucracy. . 6.2 Assess what qualifies an individual to serve as governor, common career patterns that have led to the governorship, and select benefits of the office. 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