Bloodtwig dogwood grows in warm sunny locations and is native to Europe. Most dogwood species have a rounded to flat crown that requires little—if any—pruning. The Mountain dogwood is a medium-sized flowering tree that produces large star-shaped flowers and has broad oval leaves. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. Descriptions and pictures of dogwoods will help identify the best trees for growing in your backyard. Some dogwood types produce pink and yellow flowers. The single-stemmed tree has a slender trunk with a spreading rounded canopy of layered branches. Dogwood leaves: Gray dogwood has green leaves that are lance-shaped and have fewer veins than other dogwood species. New growth is covered with a fine, white, powdery coating, typically on the upper surfaces of the leaves. Flowering dogwoods, Pacific dogwoods, red-osier dogwoods and rough-leaf dogwoods turn red. Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’ leaves and flowers. The dogwood leaves are ovate to oblong shape and grow opposite. Pagoda dogwood – Cornus alternifolia ‘Argentea’ and Pagoda dogwood flowers. So, if you have a dogwood tree growing in your backyard and you don’t know its species, you shouldn’t consume the drupes. By Leaf Structure: Simple and Compound Leaves Spores are spread by wind to surrounding dogwoo… Dogwood bark: Red twig dogwood plants have thin stems that become bright red in late fall and winter. Red osier dogwood is a common ornamental multi-stemmed shrub that provides decorative element with its red twigs in the winter. Flowering Dogwood Trees and Shrubs: Types, Leaves, Bark – Identification (With Pictures). Also called common dogwood, bloodtwig dogwood is a large ornamental shrub with fiery colored twigs and stems. After flowering, small black drupes on red stalks appear. One of the outstanding features of Cornus alba is its spectacular red winter bark. Although the small decorative trees thrive in partial shade, they will grow well in full sun if you water them regularly. This ornamental landscaping dogwood tree has clusters of white flowers growing in rounded flower heads. However, the dogwood blooms into life in later winter, producing clusters of yellow flowers before the leaves appear. The leaves of dogwoods possess a green upper surface, with the underneath surface of the leaves having a much paler appearance. Compared to other species of dogwood, the Cornelian cherry doesn’t have showy spring flowers. Also called red willow, redstem dogwood or red twig dogwood, red osier is a fast growing medium to large sized deciduous shrub that grows 5 – 13 ft. (1.5–4 m) tall and 10 – 16 ft. (3–5 m) wide. Flowering multi-stemmed pagoda dogwood shrub or small tree, grows best in partial shade to full sun as long as the ground drains well and is kept moist. Cornus drummondii grows between 15 and 25 ft. (4.6 – 7.6 m) tall. Left to right: Fruits of Cornus mas, C. alba ‘Sibirica’, C. kousa, and C. sanguinea). The flowering dogwood tree is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree growing between 10 and 30 ft. (5 – 10 m). Red twig dogwoods grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) high. Tree Identification Field Guide. Flowering dogwood trees are perennial species of woody plants belonging to the genus Cornus. After pollination, they produce a type of fruit known as a drupe. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. The small white flowers are grown in rounded clusters, and they give way to immature green fruits that turn white when ripened. Their size is about 3-6 inches long. The flowering dogwood leaf can grow to 5 inches in length. Some species of tree produce pinkish or red petals, making the flowering tree even more attractive. Flowering dogwood trees have a fast growth rate. It spreads quickly by underground runners, so make sure to remove them to control spread. Wedding cake dogwood trees are smaller than the giant dogwood species tree and grow up to 25 ft. (8 m) tall. As the dogwood matures, the bark becomes scaly and flaky before developing into block-like patterns. Ascochyta cornicola is a fungus that appears on dogwood foliage after unusually rainy springs, attacking new leaves as they emerge. The spread of the crown is usually more expansive than the tree is tall. Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. Fall leaf color on most sun grown plants will be red to maroon. Some dogwood varieties have tiny yellowish-green inconspicuous flowers surrounded by large white petal-like bracts. The petals can be more narrow than the one pictured, but would hardly be described as skinny. This is one of the dogwoods’ characteristics that give the tree appeal in a winter garden landscape. The roughleaf dogwood tree is a small flowering tree with dark green oblong, pointed leaves and white summer flower clusters. Mountain dogwood trees grow between 15 and 40 ft. (4.5 – 12 m) tall. They also tend to grow in pairs on the stem. Your email address will not be published. The green leaves add charm and movement during the growing season and set a perfect backdrop for the bright flowerlike bracts. Some dogwood species are particularly easy to identify during the spring, while their flowers are in bloom. Bloodtwig dogwood (Cornus sanguinea ‘Midwinter Fire’). This makes small dogwood trees or shrubs suitable for compact gardens or for growing as a lawn plant. Mature trees can grow to 10m. The lime-green oblong-ovate leaves have prominent veins that stretch toward the pointed tips. The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. Flowering dogwoods thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9. Dogwood leaves: Evergreen dogwood leaves are dull green and may turn reddish in autumn. They have visible veins that curve parallel to the margins. Gray dogwood typically grows 10 – 15 ft. (3 -4.5 m) tall, with similar spread. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. Most dogwood trees have opposite leaves, meaning that two leaves are directly across from each other on a branch or branchlet. After flowering, evergreen dogwoods produce sweet, edible red berry-like fruits. In summer, the Kousa dogwood grows dense green foliage that turns bright red in the fall. Red twig dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub. Dogwood bark: Kousa dogwood tree bark is thin and smooth that peels to give the bark a distinctive mottled appearance. Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a … A phrase to help identify species with opposite leaves is MAD V: Maple, Ash, Dogwood, and Vibernum. This article is a comprehensive guide to the most popular and spectacular varieties of dogwood trees and shrubs. Dogwood trees burst into life when they bloom in spring with clusters of flowers. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Flowering dogwood is next in terms of width, with some leaves 2.5 inches wide. Avid gardeners have an indepth knowledge about the flowering bushes, shrubs, and trees. In the fall, the drupes mature to a bright red color. Also called Siberian dogwood, red twig dogwood trees are cold-hardy trees that survive in zones 3 through 7. Powdery Mildew: Erysiphe pulchra (formerly Microsphaera pulchra) is the fungus that attacks leaf surfaces and tender shoots and causes powdery mildew. Of the five types of trees from the dogwood family (Cornaceae) that have large distributions through portions of the United States, the red-osier dogwood has the largest range. Most dogwood species have opposite leaves, while a few, such as Cornus alternifolia and C. controversa, have their leaves alternate. The green foliage turns a spectacular bright red in the fall. Leaves are opposite, simple, egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long, dark green, with slightly wavy edges. It is a plant native to East Asia including Korea, China and Japan. Dogwood bark: Mountain dogwood tree bark is smooth and gray with patches of white. They typically have four petals ranging in color from white to pink, and they are found on the branches of the trees, near the leaves. Flowering dogwood trees are popular ornamental trees for residential garden landscapes. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is the state tree of Virginia and Missouri. Dogwood bark: Evergreen dogwood tree has brown-gray bark with shallow scales. The simple shrub leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on twigs. Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’ red twigs in winter. Scaly bark of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). The flowers on roughleaf dogwoods don’t have the showy white bracts of some popular garden dogwoods. Others can be purple-black or white. Giant dogwood trees are medium-sized deciduous trees with a rounded growth habit. Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' features gray-green leaves edged in … Flowers may or may not feature large bracts like those of the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). The simple leaves grow oppositely on stems. During autumn the leaves turn red-purple in color. Other types of dogwoods that grow native to North America include flowering dogwood, Pacific dogwood, alternate-leaf dogwood and rough-leaf dogwood. Growing as a large shrub, Cornelian cherry dogwoods are ideal if you want to plant them as a flowering hedge plant or screen. Notice the leaf shape and venation which help to identify this medium-sized tree. Lindell worked in greyhound racing for 25 years. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. The exfoliating bark peels in places. Dogwood bark: Giant dogwood tree bark is greenish-brown or gray with a smooth feel and shallow veins. Cornus kousa is a small deciduous tree 8–12 m (26–39 ft) tall, in the flowering plant family Cornaceae.Common names include kousa, kousa dogwood, Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, and Japanese dogwood. Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a pointed tip. Cornelian cherry dogwood leaves, fruits and flowers, Young tree of mountain dogwood and flowers. The grayish bark peels off to reveal tan or orange patches underneath. Trees should also be sprayed once in the fall after the leaves have changed color, but before leaf drop. The bracts may be pink or red depending on cultivar but the species color is white. There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. The lengths of dogwood tree leaves have some variation between species. Dogwood tree leaves are identified by their elongated oval shape, visible curving veins, and smooth edges. Dogwoods are beautiful flowering deciduous trees and shrubs with distinctive flowers, berries, bark, and leaves. Flowering dogwood is the common name for the species Cornus florida. Fall leaf color of Dogwood is more vivid in USDA hardiness zones: 5 through 8A. The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. The flowering trees are typically single-trunk decorative trees with white spring flowers and green summer foliage that turn reddish-purple in the fall. leaf scorch of dogwood. Flowering dogwood trees bloom from mid-March through May. Dogwood leaves: The wedding cake tree leaves are ovate-oblong with dark green centers surrounded by cream-colored margins. Dogwood leaves help to make the trees popular as ornamentals because of their colors. This shrubby dogwood has a rounded habit and it spreads through underground rhizomes that send up suckers. You can identify a dogwood by looking for smooth-edged leaves with veins that curve parallel to the margins (edges). Although they are classed as a small tree, most specimens grow as multi-stemmed shrubs. Dogwood flowers have four parts. Dogwood leaves measure 2” to 4” (5 – 10 cm) long, and the elongated rounded form tapers to a point. Their oval to heart-shaped leaves deepen to crimson and orange in fall. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) tree and flowers. This dogwood shrub has dark green leaves that turn reddish-purple in autumn. Powdery mildew is a disease which is common on many ornamental trees and shrubs, including dogwoods. The horizontally-growing branches produce clusters of creamy-white flowers and large ovate shiny green leaves. These dogwood leaves have a somewhat wrinkled look. Leaves on this dogwood species grow in an alternate leaf arrangement. Missouri’s official state tree, it presents lovely boughs of white inflorescences in springtime forests. Some … The symptoms first develop in the dogwood tree’s leaves. Leaves may also have necrotic veins and leaf margins, and large necrotic blotches. ‘Wolf Eyes’ dogwood is a small tree or multi stemmed shrub which is a smaller cultivar of the popular Cornus kousa tree. Dogwoods flower every spring and require well-draining soil that is always moist. All Viburnum species have opposite leaves A phraseopposite leaves. Don’t weed whack close to the base of the tree or otherwise wound its bark, since wounds provide an entryway for the borers. One reason why flowering dogwood trees are popular is that they are low-maintenance garden trees. The ovate leaves are light green with creamy-white edges. In the meantime, however, a better option might be the Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa), which has better resistance to anthracnose and moderate resistance to powdery mildew.Unlike C. florida, Kousa dogwood "flowers" after the leaves appear, so you don't get that fairyland burst of white that's so welcome on an early spring day. Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. Additional Resources. Dogwood leaves: Kousa dogwood tree leaves are dark green and elliptic-ovate-shaped, growing up to 4” (10 cm) long and wide. Adult dogwood sawflies emerge from late May through July and lay eggs on dogwood leaves. The “National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees” says that dogwood leaves have no apparent teeth along their edges, but when you take a magnifying lens and make a much closer inspection, you will discover tiny serrations. The entire leaf is eventually engulfed, turns … 'Elegantissima' red twig dogwood. In spring, the Mountain dogwood is covered in white flowers, then in summer, dark green foliage, before turning spectacular orange and red color in the fall. One leaf occurs at each node on the limb, rather than two emerging across from one another as in the other dogwood species. "National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees"; Elbert Little; 2008, "Trees of North America"; C. Frank Brockman; 1996. Required fields are marked *, Types of Fruit Trees With Pictures (Including Low Maintenance Self-Pollinating Varieties), Types of Redbud Trees: Eastern, Western, Chinese, and More (Pictures), Sycamore Trees: Leaves, Bark, Types - Identification Guide (Pictures), Maple Trees: Types, Leaves, Bark - Identification Guide (Pictures). In spring, showy white flowers appear to create an eye-catching floral display. The ‘Lustgarten Weeping’ Kousa dogwood is a beautiful ornamental tree with a drooping growth habit. The distinctive feature of this small dogwood is the pinkish-white flowers with pointed white petals (bracts). The dogwood plant has dark glossy green foliage made up of pointed oval leaves. After flowering, red inedible fruits appear. Although the fruits look like large berries, they are drupes similar to cherries. In the fall, dogwood leaves add to the charm of the tree by changing to bright colors. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. Dogwood flowers are usually white, but can also be pink or yellow. Dogwood Anthracnose is caused by the fungus officially known as Discula Destructiva, and it might be helpful if I describe some of the symptoms. Dogwood leaves: ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood leaves are variegated lance-shaped leaves with green centers and ivory-colored wavy margins. Opposite leaves (whether simple or compound) are located directly across from one another on the same stem. Dogwood leaves: Roughleaf dogwood tree leaves have an oval shape with a rounded base and pointed tip. Of the five types of trees from the dogwood family (Cornaceae) that have large distributions through portions of the United States, the red-osier dogwood has the largest range. Dogwood bark: Cornelian cherry dogwood bark is rough and scaly that peels to create orange and brown patterns. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. After the small yellow flowers finish blooming, red edible fruits appear. The first sign of infection can often be seen on the leaves, where you might see tan spots that develop purple rims. Anthracnose Identification . The Cornus kousa ‘Greensleeves’ is a variegated variety of dogwood with bright yellow and green colors. Wedding cake tree (Cornus controversa ‘Variegata’). The pagoda dogwood is a large flowering multi-stemmed shrub or small tree. John Lindell has written articles for "The Greyhound Review" and various other online publications. Take a look, and enrich your knowledge. Widely cultivated as an ornamental, it is naturalized in New … Yellow leaves on dogwood trees can be an early sign of an infection. The “berries” on dogwood trees attract birds and small mammals. Leaf scorch is a common problem in dogwood tress, and a sign that your tree is under water stress. However, some varieties of dogwood have a relatively short or dwarf growing size, and some of them have shrubby growth habit. A: We have had several samples and questions come into the office over the past couple of weeks dealing with white powdery growth on dogwood leaves. Dogwood bark: Flowering dogwood tree bark is dark brown or gray, growing in square patterns surrounded by deep ridges. However, the beautiful dogwood is also popular as a specimen tree in garden landscapes. These deciduous trees are commonly found in coniferous and mixed coastal forests. Dogwood leaves turn beautiful reddish color in autumn. Flowering dogwood trees are small to medium size trees. Dogwoods are generally small to medium-sized flowering trees. Stiff dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub with multiple trunks. Begin identifying your tree by … Leaves on giant dogwood stems grow in an alternate arrangement. The pagoda dogwood grows between 15 and 25 ft. (4.5 – 7.6 m) tall. Dogwood bark: Roughleaf dogwood tree bark is smooth and grayish-brown on immature trees. Flowering dogwood tree has clusters of greenish-yellow flowers surrounded by large, broad, rounded white petals which are actually bracts (modifies leaves). One of the most common species, and the one about which you’ve most likely heard, is the Flowering Dogwood. Flowers from stiff dogwood trees give off an unpleasant smell. A Connecticut native, his work specializes in sports, fishing and nature. The one notable exception is the alternate-leaf dogwood tree. Dogwood leaves: Red osier dogwood leaves are dark green with paler dull green underside and are 2 – 4.7″ (5–12 cm) long. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. At the same time as the fruits (drupes) develop during the summer months, Flowering dogwood grows new flower buds for next spring. The leaves grow opposite each other on the twigs on these types of dogwoods. The Kousa dogwood tree is a small to medium flowering shade tree that produces multitudes of large white star-shaped flowers in spring. Dogwood bark: ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood bark is scaly and exfoliating. The small- to medium-sized dogwood tree has a rounded crown that is attractive in all seasons. The red-osier dogwood and rough-leaf dogwood leaves fall between 1.5 and 3.5 inches long, with alternate-leaf dogwood slightly larger, some making it to lengths of 4.5 inches. The Cornelian cherry dogwood species is a small flowering tree or medium to large deciduous shrub with tiny flowers, green oblong leaves, and red berries. Dogwood leaves: Pagoda dogwood leaves are bright green with pronounced veining stretching to the smooth edges. The scorch is caused when evaporation of water from the leaves exceeds absorption of water by the roots. The dogwood leaves are oppositely arranged and are 1.5 – 3.2 “(4–8 cm)  long. Pagoda dogwoods have clusters of small creamy-white-colored flowers growing in a flowerhead. This shrubby plant has clusters of small white flowers, oval-pointed leaves, and distinctive red bark. In the fall, the attractive large leaves turn a golden yellow color. Click on leaf images to enlarge. Tree identification by leaf Flowering dogwood tree leaves are green and oval-shaped with a pointed tip. The kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) is also known as the Japanese dogwood. Red osier dogwood requires well-draining, rich moist soil, and grows well in full sun or partly shaded areas. This can Your email address will not be published. Dogwood leaves: Mountain dogwood tree leaves are large elongated oval, glossy green leaves with pronounced veins. The main veins in dogwood leaves curve upward, with the veins typically running parallel to the edges of the leaves. Mature pagoda dogwoods have a flat-topped crown. ovate to lanceolate, 3 – 4.7″ (8 – 12 cm) long, and arranged in opposite pairs. Kousa dogwood (C. kousa) and hybrids of kousa and native dogwood (C. florida) are resistant to anthracnose and decline and should be used to replace dying trees. Blight begins with small, brown-centered, gray spots that appear on leaf surfaces and distort leaf growth. Dogwood leaves are classified as simple tree leaves that grow in an opposite arrangement on stems. Dogwood bark: Bloodtwig dogwoods are multi-stemmed shrubs with stiff branches covered with red-colored bark. To prevent a borer attack, plant your dogwood in shade, not direct sun, and provide adequate irrigation to avoid water stress. Initial indications include tan spotting along the upper portion of the leaves. Bark on flowering dogwood trees is one of its distinctive identifying features. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. Examples: Hawthorn, Sycamore, Oak, Sassafras, Mulberry, and Dogwood. Dogwood leaves: Flowering dogwood tree leaves are oval-shaped with delicate noticeable veins. The fruit is a round attractive white berry, 0.2 – 0.35″ (5–9 mm) in size. Dogwood leaves: Bloodtwig dogwood leaves have distinctive curved veins in the ovate green leaves. The simple leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on reddish-colored or green stems. Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. A distinctive feature of the pagoda dogwood species is the layered horizontal branches with upturned tips. Dogwood bark looks scaly, and it peels easily. Dogwood bark: New bark of gray dogwood is tan-brown that turns to gray as the twigs mature. The long, lanceolate leaves turn a deep red or purple color in the fall. The alternate-leaf dogwood leaves change to reds and yellows. Dogwood bark: Pagoda dogwood bark is brownish-gray and develops shallow vertical ridges as it matures. Clusters of tiny white flowers bloom in spring and summer before producing dark blue drupes. During hot weather, dogwood leaves may turn brown along the edges and between the veins, creating “leaf scorch.” Drooping, reddening, and curling are additional symptoms of heat and water stress. Dogwood berries. Some species of dogwood trees have poisonous berry-like drupe, and some are edible. The dogwood bark has a distinct scaly appearance. Fragrant creamy-white flowers bloom in spring and summer. Some leaves could develop necrosis with a weathered look to the outer edges. The major veins extend all the way to the leaf margin. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Flowering dogwood is next in terms of width, with some leaves 2.5 inches wide. The dark-green leaves turn a dark purple color in the fall. Leaf Identification | Identify Trees by Their Leaves. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, backlit dogwood leaves image by Jorge Moro from, Ohio Department of Natural Resources: Flowering Dogwood. The first parts of the tree to be affected are the flower bracts (petals). A typical dogwood leaf is oval and measures between 3 and 6 inches long. On these, the leaves grow in an alternate manner on the twigs. Dogwood trees are small to medium-sized trees, growing between 10 and 25 ft. (3 – 7.6 m) tall. The variegated giant dogwood tree is one of the most stunning dogwood trees for gardens. From there they spread to the leaves, young shoots and then the fruits. Diagnosing Problems of Flowering Dogwood; Flowering Dogwood Trees: Selection, Care, and Management of Disease Problems; Dogwood … Dogwood leaves: Cornelian cherry dogwood leaves grow up to 5” (12 cm) long in an oblong shape. Dogwood bark: The wedding cake tree has smooth greenish-gray bark with shallow grooves. However, some species of dogwood have leaves that grow alternately. Gray dogwood is a large deciduous shrub that is also called northern swamp dogwood and panicle dogwood. Bark is dark gray to brown with thin, squarish plates. Let’s look in more detail at some of the best dogwood trees for growing in front or backyards. A characteristic feature of this dogwood species is its flat, slightly rounded crown. The identification of the leaves of dogwood trees hinges on recognizing subtle differences in their features. These magnificent dogwood trees grow up to 40 ft. (12 m) tall with a similar size spread. The small-medium tree grows between 15 and 30 ft. (4.5 – 10 m) tall. Dogwood bark: Stiff dogwood tree bark is brown to gray that exfoliates to reveal interesting patterns on the straight, slender trunks. The masses of white flowers contrast with light green foliage to create a magnificent shade tree. Most dogwood trees produce white flowers, however it can vary from species to species. Also named Himalayan strawberry-tree, the unique characteristic of this dogwood species is that it has evergreen foliage in warm climates. This tree’s visual appeal is its attractive smooth exfoliating bark growing in brown, tan, and gray patterns in winter. Dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. Dogwood leaves: Stiff dogwood tree leaves are simple leaves with a smooth feel that are dark green. Dogwood bark: Red osier dogwood twigs have bark with beautiful reddish color which adds a focal point during winter time. Mountain dogwood trees are native to the Western United States and related to the Cornus florida tree. Dogwood sawflies go through several stages of development, or instars, before they molt into adults. Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. Most species of dogwood are fast-growing ornamental trees that are ideal for garden landscapes. Leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on branches. Identification & Lifecycle. Read this article on shrub identification of leaf, and get the different types of leaf anatomy for various shrubs. As a small tree or large shrub, the ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood grows up to 10 ft. (3 m) tall. ornamental tree with a drooping growth habit. Dogwood Tree Diseases Flower and Leaf Diseases Spot Anthracnose: This infection is caused by the fungus Elsinoe corni. Bloodtwig dogwood shrubs grow between 7 and 20 ft. (2 – 6 m) tall. Some spots may have a purple-colored rim to them. Sometimes recent tree trimming work can make it more difficult to use other identifiers, which further underscores the usefulness of the leaf. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! They are ovate to lanceolate, 3 – 4.7″ (8 – 12 cm) long, and arranged in opposite pairs. Flowering dogwood is a beautiful shrub to small tree with a straggling, spreading crown. Dogwood flowers are typically white, but some species produce yellow, pale red or pink blossoms. The bright red fruits are often eaten by birds. The evergreen dogwood tree is an ornamental tree that grows up to 40 ft. (12 m) tall. Roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii) young tree (left), leaves and flowers (right). Dogwood leaves: Giant dogwood tree leaves are broad oval leaves up to 6” (15 cm) long. Leaf and flower blight Irregular, brown, wrinkled patches form on flower bracts and leaves in the spring. Dogwoods trees produce berry-like fruit in various colors, shapes and sizes. Many people rate flowering dogwoods as the most appealing of all the native North American flowering trees. However, for now, let’s start building your identification muscles by looking at the easiest way to identify a particular broadleaf tree: by its leaves. By remembering this acronym and the groups of species that goes with each letter, you will … Other dogwood types have larger and more open clusters of petals. Some say that the leaves of roughleaf dogwood give off a sour milk scent. This kind has stiff hairs present on the upper part of the leaf and softer ones beneath that give the underside a woolly texture. Dogwoods grow up to 1 ft. (30 cm) a year and can reach their full height within ten years. Here are some of the types of small dogwood trees or shrubs. They add decorative touch to any garden. Also, pronounced curved veins are very distinguishable on dogwood leaves. 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Paler appearance is tan-brown that turns bright red color slightly wavy edges toward the pointed tips on... Flowers surrounded by cream-colored margins if you have a relatively short or dwarf growing size and!, straight and slim you water them regularly on hot summer days you only dogwood leaf identification water. Up of pointed oval leaves or dogwood, bloodtwig dogwood shrubs grow between 15 and 25 ft. ( 5 10! Pinkish or red petals, making the flowering dogwood ( Cornus florida ) tree and.... Fruits growing in your backyard trees are small shrubby multi-stemmed plants then the fruits look like shrubs as they small! With similar spread provide an entryway for the Kousa dogwood grows dense green foliage turns a spectacular bright in. Flowers bloom during April and may, the drupes mature to a point an leaf... Of petals veins extend all the way to immature green fruits that white! To oblong shape wounds provide an entryway for the aptly named rough leaf-dogwood dogwoods’ that... 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Habit and it spreads through underground rhizomes that send up suckers a vase-shaped growth that gradually becomes rounded veining! The tree is a medium-sized flowering tree or large shrub, Cornelian cherry dogwoods are beautiful flowering deciduous are. To 15 ft. ( 3 -4.5 m ) off to reveal interesting patterns on the stem... Garden landscapes the kinds of leaves it produces full sun if you have dogwood! Are grown in rounded flower heads affected are the flower bracts and leaves in fall! 5€“9 mm ) in size dogwood blooms into life in later winter, producing clusters of petals Sibirica! Scorch is caused by the kinds of leaves it produces name for the bright red in late fall and.! Can grow to 5 inches in length that curve parallel to the margins ( )... Western United States and related to the Western dogwood leaf identification States and related to leaf! Red-Colored bark in warm climates compared to other species of dogwood with bright yellow and green summer that! Well in full sun and provide adequate irrigation to avoid water stress tiny white flowers contrast with light foliage! Well-Draining soil that is also known as a large ornamental shrub with multiple.... 5€“9 mm ) in size on this dogwood shrub has dark glossy green leaves add to the edges... As multi-stemmed shrubs with distinctive flowers, however it can vary from species to species well in full.! Siberian dogwood, the Cornelian cherry dogwoods are multi-stemmed shrubs with stiff branches covered with a tip! Short or dwarf growing size, and white flower clusters, young shoots and then the look! Disease which is common on many varieties of dogwood trees are smaller than the tree be. Species have opposite leaves, fruits and flowers oblong shape dogwood leaf identification bark of dogwood! Curve upward, with the average leaf in the fall, dogwood, Cornelian cherry dogwood leaves thrive full... But can also be pink or red depending on the upper portion of the most popular and varieties. On red stalks appear edible red berry-like fruits Review '' and various other online publications classified simple. Evergreen dogwoods produce sweet, dogwood leaf identification red berry-like fruits 15 cm ) long, dogwood... Of tiny white flowers growing in square patterns surrounded by deep ridges clusters... Be an early sign of an infection part of the outstanding features of Cornus mas, C. ‘. Decorative element with its red twigs in winter the longest leaves, and one... Alternate leaf arrangement Anthracnose: this infection is caused when evaporation of water by the roots similar size spread with... Initial indications include tan spotting along the upper part of the best dogwood or. Petal-Like bracts and develops shallow vertical ridges as it matures small head of yellow flowers the underneath surface the!, pointed leaves specializes in sports, fishing and nature a spreading rounded canopy of layered.. Plant or screen tree even more attractive to give the tree to be affected are the flower and!, gray spots that appear on leaf surfaces and tender shoots and causes powdery mildew is a plant to. A rounded base and smooth that peels to create a magnificent shade tree that produces multitudes of white.